HTTP Basic Authentication

Extract from the Wikipedia article:

In the context of an HTTP transaction, the basic access authentication is a method designed to allow a web browser, or other client program, to provide credentials – in the form of a user name and password – when making a request.

Before transmission, the username and password are encoded as a sequence of base-64 characters. For example, the user name Aladdin and password open sesame would be combined as Aladdin:open sesame – which is equivalent to QWxhZGRpbjpvcGVuIHNlc2FtZQ== when encoded in Base64. Little effort is required to translate the encoded string back into the user name and password, and many popular security tools will decode the strings "on the fly".

So HTTP Basic Autentication is managed trough an HTTP header (Authorization), that can be forged by LL::NG, with this precautions:

  • Data should not contains accents or special characters, as HTTP protocol only allow ASCII values in header (but depending on the HTTP server, you can use ISO encoded values)
  • You need to forward the password, which can be the user main password (if password is stored in session, or any user attribute (if you keep secondary passwords in users database).

The Basic Authentication relies on a specific HTTP header, as described above. So you have just to declare this header for the virtual host in Manager.

For example, to forward login ($uid) and password ($_password if password is stored in session):

Authorization => "Basic ".encode_base64("$uid:$_password")

LL::NG provides a special function named basic to build this header.

So the above example can also be written like this:

Authorization => basic($uid,$_password)
The basic function will also force conversion from UTF-8 to ISO-8859-1, which should be accepted by most of HTTP servers.